PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE OF WORK
The nature of work is rapidly changing. Technological progress and automation represent an opportunity to boost labour productivity and create flexible working conditions that better suit worker needs in all places—from cities to rural areas. There are, however, mounting concerns about how many and what kinds of jobs will be available in the future. Another growing source of concern is whether the future of work will exacerbate inequalities between people and across places.
Indeed, the challenges and opportunities generated by greater use of technology in the workplace are not equally distributed across places. Within the same country, some regions will be more exposed than others to the risk of job automation because of their economic structure and the skills of their workers. Meanwhile, many new jobs will be created – the question is what types of jobs will become available and where.
These geographical differences have crucial implications for the design of policies to facilitate a smooth transition towards an increasingly automated and digitalised economy.
How can national strategies adapt to local-specific challenges? How can local strategies support national efforts? Policy makers will be tasked with anticipating, facilitating and responding to change, taking into account the characteristics of workers, occupations and industry in various locations.
This third edition of Job Creation and Local Economic Development addresses these issues and concerns. Drawing on new occupational data at subnational level, it examines the geographical distribution of jobs at risk of automation and the rise of non-standard work within countries.
Furthermore, it provides insights into the relationship between productivity and inclusion at subnational scale, offering policy guidance on how to help disadvantaged groups to succeed in the labour market. In this respect, local communities are well placed to work with business to understand their skills needs and implement policies that facilitate workers’ adaptation to the changing nature of work.